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ACL in dogs

ACL in dogs

Many people are familiar with ACL injuries in humans but did you know your dog can also tear their ACL? Read on to find out more from our Gold Canyon vets on what the differences are between ACL injuries in dogs and people, and how ACL injuries are treated in dogs.

What Is the ACL in Dogs Called?

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a thin connective tissue in the middle of our knees which connects the lower leg bone to the upper leg bone.

In dogs, we call this connective tissue is called the cranial cruciate ligament (CCL). As with a person's ACL, the CCL connects the dog's tibia (bone below the knee) to their femur (bone above the knee).

It's important to note that, because people are accustomed to ACL injuries, it is common to refer to CCL injuries in dogs as an ACL injury. 

The differences between a person's ACL and a dog's CCL is that, due to the angle of the dog's back legs when they are standing, walking, or running their CCL is always load bearing.

The Differences Between ACL & CCL Injuries

ACL injuries are particularly common in athletes. These injuries generally occur due to an acute trauma stemming from a sudden movement such as a change of direction while running, or jumping.

Dog CCL injuries typically come on gradually and tend to become progressively worse with activity.

Symptoms of an ACL Injury in Dogs?

The most common signs of an ACL injury in dogs are:

  • Lameness and limping in the hind legs
  • Stiffness, often most noticeable after rest and following exercise
  • Difficulty rising up off the floor or jumping

If your dog is suffering from a mild ACL injury, it is likely to become worse over time with symptoms becoming more pronounced. If left untreated a mild ACL injury will likely lead to a very painful tear of the ligament.

Dogs suffering from a single torn ACL typically begin to favor the non-injured leg during activity which often leads to the second leg also becoming injured. It is estimated that 60% of dogs with a single ACL injury will soon go on to injure the other knee.

Treatments For ACL Injuries in Dogs

There are a number of effective treatments available for dogs diagnosed with an ACL injury. When determining the best treatment for your dog's injury, your vet will take your dog's lifestyle and energy level into consideration, as well as your dog's age, size, and weight. Some options for treatment are:

Knee Brace:

  • Treating an ACL injury with a knee brace is a non-surgical option that may help to stabilize the knee joint, and give the ligament time to scar over and repair itself. In order to be effective, a knee brace should be combined with dramatically reduced activity levels, which can be difficult for many dogs.

Extracapsular Repair - Lateral Suture

  • This type of ACL surgery is typically recommended for small to medium sized dogs weighing less than 50lbs and involves replacing the torn ligament with an artificial ligament on the outside of the joint.

Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy - TPLO

  • With TPLO surgery the need for the CCL ligament is eliminated by cutting and flattening the tibial plateau (the top section of the tibia), then stabilizing it in a new position with the help of a plate and screws.

Tibial Tuberosity Advancement - TTA

  • TTA surgery also eliminates the need for the CCL ligament by cutting the top of the tibia, moving it forward, and then stabilizing it in its new position with a a stainless steel metal plate.

How long will it take for my dog to recover from ACL surgery?

Some dogs will recover more quickly than others following ACL surgery. While your dog may be able to walk as soon as 24 hours following surgery, expect full recovery and a return to normal activities to take 16 weeks or longer.

It's important to pay attention to your dog's healing process and follow your vet's instructions. Never force your dog to do exercises if they resist as this can lead to re-injuring the leg.

Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.

Worried about an injury your dog sustained? Do you suspect an injured ACL? Contact Companion Pet Clinic of Gold Canyon today to go over with our vet the best course of action for the health of your dog.

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(480) 671-1403 Contact Companion Pet Clinic